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When Were Electric Vehicles Invented

When Were Electric Vehicles Invented

In recent years, electric vehicles (EVs) have garnered a lot of attention due to their eco-friendliness, fuel efficiency, and low carbon emissions. While they may seem like a modern innovation, EVs have been around for over a century. In this blog post, we will take a look at the history of electric vehicles, when they were invented, and how they have evolved over time.

The Early Days of Electric Vehicles

The idea of an electric vehicle dates back to the 1830s when a Scottish inventor named Robert Davidson built a small, battery-powered locomotive. However, it wasn’t until the late 1800s that EVs became a popular alternative to gasoline-powered vehicles.

In 1884, a British inventor named Thomas Parker built the first electric car, which used rechargeable batteries. It was a three-wheeled electric vehicle that could reach a top speed of 14 miles per hour. Over the next few years, other inventors followed in Parker’s footsteps and began building their own electric vehicles.

The Rise and Fall of Electric Vehicles

In the early 1900s, electric vehicles were popular among wealthy individuals, particularly women, who preferred them over gasoline-powered cars due to their ease of use and cleaner operation. However, the invention of the electric starter by Cadillac in 1912 made gasoline-powered vehicles easier to operate and sparked the beginning of the decline of electric vehicles.

Gasoline-powered cars became more affordable, and as the demand for them increased, the cost of oil and gasoline went down. This made gasoline-powered cars more appealing to the average consumer and caused a decline in the popularity of electric vehicles.

The Modern Age of Electric Vehicles

It wasn’t until the 1970s that interest in electric vehicles was reignited as a response to the oil crisis. However, it wasn’t until more recently, with the advent of better battery technology and a greater concern for the environment, that electric vehicles became a viable alternative to gasoline-powered cars.

In 1997, Toyota introduced the Prius, the world’s first mass-produced hybrid car, which combined an electric motor with a gasoline engine. In 2008, Tesla Motors introduced the first fully electric sports car, and the electric vehicle market began to gain momentum.

Today, there are a wide range of electric vehicles available, from luxury sports cars to compact economy cars. The rise of electric vehicles has also led to the development of a network of charging stations and other infrastructure needed to support the growing number of EVs on the road.


In summary, electric vehicles have come a long way since the first battery-powered locomotive in the 1830s. While they experienced a decline in popularity in the early 20th century, they have made a comeback in recent years thanks to advances in battery technology and greater concern for the environment. With the electric vehicle market continuing to grow, it will be interesting to see where this technology takes us in the future.